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Effect of temperature,pH and organic loading rate on anaerobic acidification pathway of fruit and vegetable waste
Author(s): 
Pages: 75-79
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Rural Energy

Keyword:  厌氧酸化 乙醇 VFA 果蔬垃圾 温度 pH 有机负荷;
Abstract: 研究考察了果蔬垃圾在F/M=2∶1,不同温度(35℃,50℃)条件下,控制pH(4.0,5.0,6.0)时,发酵产物组分的变化规律;考察了35℃,果蔬垃圾在控制pH的完全混合反应器(CSTR)中不同有机负荷下的酸化类型。结果表明:50℃下酸化产物浓度较35℃低,且在相同的pH下,高温和中温酸化呈现不同的酸化类型,pH=6.0时,高温酸化类型为乙醇型,中温酸化类型为丁酸型。中温条件下,提高pH有助于缩短酸化时间,但对酸化产物总量影响不大,且发酵类型随pH变化明显,pH=4.0为乙醇型发酵,pH=5.0为丙酸型发酵,pH=6.0为丁酸型发酵。最优静态酸化条件为F/M=2∶1,35℃和pH=4.0,酸化率能达到65.1%,其中乙醇浓度为10 508 mg/L(相当于每克挥发性固体中含有438 mg乙醇)。反应器连续运行结果显示,温度为35℃,pH=4.0时,随着负荷的提高,酸化产物中乙醇含量增加,有机负荷OLR>7 g/(L.d),停留时间HRT<5 d,逐渐呈现乙醇型发酵。
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