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Study on the effect of anti-Ia monoclonal antibody in induction of transplantation tolerance to the allogeneic skin graft
Author(s): 
Pages: 340-342
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: JOURNAL OF BEIJING MEDICAL UNIVERSITY(HEALTH SCIENCES)

Keyword:  移植耐受皮肤移植抗Ia单抗抗体单克隆/药理学克隆无反应性;
Abstract: 目的:探索抗Ia单克隆抗体促进"细胞+环磷酰胺(cyclophosphamide,CP)"系统诱导移植耐受的作用及其机制.方法:BALB/C(H-2d)小鼠经尾静脉注入C57BL/6(H-2b,B6)小鼠脾细胞,48 h后腹腔注射CP,接着两天分别经尾静脉注入抗小鼠Ia单克隆抗体500 μg,然后进行皮肤移植,并于耐受30 d对受体小鼠作混合淋巴细胞反应(mixed lymphocyte reaction,MLR)、迟发型超敏反应(delayed type hypersensitivity,DTH)等耐受状态的检查.结果:B6小鼠的皮肤移植物在耐受BALB/C小鼠中存活期特异性延长,MLR和DTH检查证明BALB/C小鼠对B6小鼠的脾细胞产生特异性耐受,对无关第3者KM小鼠的脾细胞仍表现出强烈的免疫反应.机制研究发现,克隆不应答(anergy)和抑制细胞在耐受中起作用.结论:抗Ia单克隆抗体可明显促进"细胞+CP"诱导的异基因皮肤移植耐受.克隆不应答和抑制细胞是耐受的主要机制.
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