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Efficacy of probiotics in the treatment of minimal hepatic encephalopathy:a metaanalysis
Author(s): Shao-Hui Tang, Kuang-Jing Wang, Xiao-Juan Wu, ManMan Zhang, Department of Gastroenterology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, Guangdong Province, China
Journal: World Chinese Journal of Digestology, Year 2011 , Issue 24 , Page 2587-2592
Keyword:  益生菌 轻微型肝性脑病 Meta分析;
Abstract: 目的:评价益生菌制剂治疗轻微型肝性脑病(minimal hepatic encephalopathy,MHE)的疗效.方法:检索PubMed、EMBASE、WebofScience、The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials、中国期刊全文数据库、中国科技期刊数据库(维普)、万方数字化期刊全文数据库等关于益生菌制剂治疗MHE的临床随机对照试验(RCT),使用Cochrane图书馆提供的Review Manager4.3软件对入选试验进行荟萃分析.结果:共9项试验满足纳入标准而入选本研究,荟萃分析表明:与对照组相比,益生菌制剂可明显缩短数字连接试验(NCT)反应时间(WMD=13.60,95%CI:1.53-25.66,P=0.03),有效降低血氨水平(SMD=0.98,95%CI:0.25-1.71,P=0.008),减轻内毒素血症(SMD=1.03,95%CI:0.65-1.42,P<0.00001),改善ALT水平(WMD=11.72,95%CI:5.57-17.88,P=0.0002),并降低临床肝性脑病的发生率(RR=0.15,95%CI:0.05-0.41,P=0.0002).结论:益生菌制剂可改善MHE患者临床及部分生化指标,降低MHE发展为临床肝性脑病的几率,有可能成为MHE治疗的新选择.
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