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lun wu xi de nei rong yuan su ji qi li nian di yun yi wen xuan chen lin xi wei zhong xin
Author(s): 
Pages: 46-53
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Yangtze River Academic

Keyword:  武檄 模式 《文选》 陈琳;
Abstract: 檄是军民两用文体。武檄起战争动员令和心理战作用,以奉辞伐罪、叙彼悖逆、暴彼昏乱等角度突出敌方邪恶;对抗命者临之以威,对归顺者示之以恩;贱薄敌方态势、打消敌营侥幸心理、瓦解抵抗意志,构成武檄内容模式,以儒家和兵家为观念底蕴。《文选》录陈琳《为袁绍檄豫州》和《檄吴将校部曲文》,分别为讨伐檄和招降檄经典。前者以曹操为声讨对象,后者以曹操名义劝降,对曹操前訾后颂,其原因既非刘勰所谓全身免祸,亦非张溥所谓文人无行,而是别有原因在。
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