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Alga-Lysing Activity of a Strain of Actinomycete to Microcystis aeruginosa
Author(s): 
Pages: 58-63
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: Rural Eco-Environment

Keyword:  放线菌 铜绿微囊藻 溶藻活性 链霉菌属 系统发育分析;
Abstract: 从庐山土样中分离得到一株放线菌JXJ 0071,研究了该菌的孢子、菌丝体和代谢产物对铜绿微囊藻(Micro-cystis aeruginosa)的溶藻活性以及溶藻活性成分的稳定性,并对其分类地位进行鉴定。结果表明,放线菌JXJ 0071的孢子和菌丝体均能使铜绿微囊藻细胞密度显著降低。该菌代谢产物对铜绿微囊藻具有很强的溶藻活性,在藻密度为1.0×107 mL-1的藻液中加入体积分数φ为2%的该菌发酵上清液3,d后溶藻效率达98%。溶藻活性成分主要来自水溶性胞外产物,其对高温、pH和紫外线处理均具有较好的稳定性。以60℃以下的温度处理发酵液2h,溶藻活性成分的溶藻效率基本不变,保持在95%以上;pH 7.0~9.0条件下,其溶藻效率仍很高,在93.8%以上;经波长为254 nm的紫外线照射2 h,其溶藻效率仍达85.7%。基于16S rRNA基因序列的系统发育分析表明,该菌株属链霉菌属,与Streptomyces rectiviolaceus的序列相似性达99%,但JXJ0071与S.rectiviolaceus的部分生理生化特性有所不同,需要进一步的实验数据确定其种一级分类学单元。
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