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Thermal Desorption-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds Emitted from Automobile Chair in Thermal Condition
Author(s): 
Pages: 265-268
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry

Keyword:  热环境 Tenax吸附管 挥发性有机物 热脱附-气相色谱/质谱;
Abstract: 汽车沙发部件在热环境中,会释放出许多挥发性有机物(VOC),污染环境,危害人体健康。本研究将汽车沙发放置在2 m3特制塑料采样袋中,在热环境下释放挥发性有机物,然后以Tenax管富集有机物,用热脱附-气相色谱质谱进行分析。结果表明:汽车沙发在热环境状态下,挥发出大量有机物,共定性检测出49种挥发性有机物(VOC),包括11种烷烃(7.46%)、13种芳香类化合物(6.02%)、5种醇醚类化合物(10.33%)、5种酮类化合物(3.56%)、7种酯类化合物(29.51%)、2种醛类化合物(0.50%)、2种含氮类化合物(29.36%)及4种硅氧烷类化合物(5.51%)。通过将释放的挥发性有机物量换算成车内空气污染浓度可见,一个副驾驶位沙发释放的挥发性有机物对车内空气污染贡献浓度达7.36 mg/m3,是国家室内限值标准的12倍,污染十分严重。
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