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From Natural State to Civil Society
Author(s): 
Pages: 23-27
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Journal of Yangzhou University(Humanities and Social Sciences Edition)

Abstract: 自然状态理论是霍布斯全部政治学说的基础,它是一种用来说明公民社会的起源与本质、阐明优良生活条件的理论假设.在自然状态中人拥有天赋的自然权利即自我保全的自由,但权利与权利对抗的结果是形成了每一个人对每个人的战争状态.从自然状态到公民社会的过渡是以人的激情和理性为基础,通过发现自然法和缔结契约而实现的.公民社会与自然状态形成一种善恶对照,和平、安全、秩序是公民社会的政治价值.
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