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Characteristics of Technological Innovation and Policies of Environmental Technological Innovation: A Comparative Study of Neo-classical and Evolutionary Approaches
Author(s): 
Pages: 29-36
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Journal of Xiamen University(Arts & Social Sciences)

Keyword:  技术创新环境技术创新新古典方法演化方法;
Abstract: 新古典环境经济学识别出环境技术创新的两个特性,即不确定性和双重外部性.其政策含义是政府应提供必要干预以克服市场失灵,包括技术推动的政策和需求拉动的政策.演化经济学把创新看做一个演化过程,以路径依赖和频率依赖等为特征;其政策建议强调保持技术多样性与短期成本之间的平衡,关注策略性利基管理对环境创新的作用.为了促进环境创新以有效应对环境问题,决策者应该吸收两种理论有益的政策见解.
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