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classification of growth clubs and convergence: evidence from panel data in china, 1981-2004
Pages: 91-106
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: China & World Economy

Keyword:  GetLinkList(KeywordFilter('club convergence Kernel density initial technology level')'kw''CJFQ');
Abstract: This paper uses provincial panel data to examine club convergence in China during 1981– 2004. We estimate the province-specific initial technology level, A(0), and classify the Chinese economy into "developed club" and "underdeveloped club" based on the economic characteristics of A(0), instead of on geographical location. We find significant evidence of conditional convergence across provinces, and that the convergence speed in the developed club is faster than that in the underdeveloped club. We also find that: (i) human capital accumulation contributes more than physical capital does to club convergence; (ii) there is a positive correlation between infrastructure and growth convergence at the national level and within the developed club, while the spillover effect of infrastructure has not been developed in the developing club; and (iii) the effect of economic openness on convergence is tiny, and insignificant across and within clubs.
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