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Dilemma and Breakthrough of Environmental Ethics of "Humanitarianism"
Author(s): 
Pages: 48-52
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: Journal of Jinan University(Social Science Edition)

Abstract: 作为当代环境伦理学的一个重要流派,仁慈主义环境伦理在西方风靡至今.它主张:人应该对其他非人类生命存在者持仁慈的态度,不给非人类生命个体带来痛苦.但是,仁慈主义的理论前提是:以人的主观体验衡量动物的苦乐感.人能否理解或诠释异类动物的苦乐?如果不能对这一问题做出肯定的回答,仁慈主义环境伦理就会因此而走入困境.然而,到目前为止,科学依然不能给出肯定的回答,如此,伦理学只有回归哲学寻求帮助,而中国道家的"...
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