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jiang hu shi ren xin pai ci ren nan song shi ci da jia liu ke zhuang
Author(s): 
Pages: 41
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Fujian Hometown Magazine

Abstract: <正> 刘克庄(1187-1269年),字潜夫,号后村居士,福建莆田人。他早年仕途坎坷,累遭贬黜,晚年渐次通显。南宋淳祐六年(1246年)赐同进士出身,后官至工部尚书兼侍读,特授龙图阁学士。著《后村先生大全集》196卷,有《四部丛刊》影抄本。刘克庄存诗约4500首,在宋代诗人中,数量仅次于陆游。他为诗初受同时代诗人"永嘉四灵"(徐照、徐玑、翁卷、赵师秀)的影响,学仿晚唐诗人贾岛、姚合,刻琢清丽;后感"四灵体""虽穷搜之功而不能掩其寒俭刻削之态",又转而推崇南宋大诗人杨万里和陆游,将他们比作当代之李白与杜甫(《后村诗话》)。他批评当时盛行的"江西诗派""资书以为诗,失之腐";也指斥晚唐诗"捐书以为诗,失之野"(《韩隐居诗序》)。他爱好"江西诗派"后期代表人物、南北宋之交以忧时伤国为主题,颇多感愤沉郁之音的陈与义诗;在晚年的诗歌创作中,亦不乏杨万里"诚斋体"之活脱风韵。他的《南岳稿》虽被杭州书商陈起刻入《江湖诗集》,并被誉为"江湖诗人",但却厌恶"江湖诗派"
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