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Clinical diagnosis and treatment of cortical infiltrative carcinoma of renal pelvis
Author(s): 
Pages: 34-36
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: CHINESE JOURNAL OF POSTGRADUATES OF MEDICINE

Keyword:  肾盂移行细胞癌癌转移诊断学治疗学;
Abstract: 目的 探讨皮质浸润型肾盂移行细胞癌的临床特点,提高对皮质浸润型肾盂移行细胞癌的诊疗水平.方法 回顾性分析10例皮质浸润型肾盂移行细胞癌的临床病理资料.10例均行B超、静注肾盂造影(IVU)、CT检查,7例行MRI检查,6例行尿脱落细胞学检查.3例术前误诊为肾癌者行肾癌根治术后二期行输尿管残端及膀胱袖套状切除,5例术前确诊一期双切口行根治性肾输尿管及膀胱袖套状切除,1例误诊为肾上腺占位,1例疑诊肾盂癌者行姑息性肾及肾周肿块切除.结果 术后病理检查均为肾盂移行细胞癌Ⅲ级.1例术后3个月死于全身脏器功能衰竭,3例术后1年内死于肝、肺转移,3例术后2年内死于肝、肺、腹膜后转移,另3例分别为术后3个月、术后1年和术后3年,在随访中.结论 皮质浸润型肾盂移行细胞癌属高级、高期恶性肿瘤,易误诊为肾癌,临床上需提高认识,综合分析B超、IVU、CT、MRI及尿脱落细胞学资料进行诊断,对疑诊病例行术中快速病理检查.根治性患肾、输尿管及膀胱部分切除术为首选治疗手段,可结合放疗、化疗.此类肾盂癌恶性程度高,预后较差.
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