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lian chi ( jie xuan )
Author(s): 
Pages: 22-24
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: Reading for Senior Students

Abstract: 明清之际,爱国学者顾炎武是一位反清复明的斗士。他认为,明朝灭亡,一是亡于学术,二是亡于道德沦丧。他所说的道德沦丧,就是指"士大夫之无耻"。在他的心中,民族大义高于一切,那些投降清朝的人是背叛民族的败类,是"阉然媚于世者",是最无耻之人。因而他号召每一个国人讲廉耻,讲民族气节,肩负起拯救民族危亡的责任。他提出的"天下兴亡,匹夫有责",就是指民族兴亡,匹夫有责。他用一生实践了自己的主张,给后人树立了学习的楷模。而《廉耻》一文就集中地体现了他的这种主张。
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