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kang kai bei liang duan ge xing
Author(s): 
Pages: 36-37
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Reading for Senior Students

Abstract: <正>[赏析] 曹操的《短歌行》,一开始即是“对酒当歌,人生几何?譬如朝露,去日苦多”,以至于唐人吴兢误以为这首诗写的仍然是《古诗十九首》的主题:言当及时行乐。直到清代的沈德潜也还在这样闭目胡说。但曹操“慨当以慷,忧思难忘”之“忧”,却不是“譬如朝露”的人生,而是功业未建,贤才未附,故他并不是“及时行乐”,而是要像“山不厌高, 海不厌深”那样胸襟宽广,广纳人才;更要像历史上的周公那样,“周公吐哺,天下归心”,从而“早建王业”。吴淇评此诗是,全篇“曲曲折折,絮絮叨叨,若连贯,若不连贯, 纯是一片怜才意思”(《六朝选诗定论》),而风格则“跌宕悠扬,极悲凉之致”(陈祚明《采菽堂古诗选》卷五)。
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