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flow characteristics of rectangular underexpanded impinging jets
Author(s): 
Pages: 59-64,30
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Journal of Thermal Science

Keyword:  compressible flow shock wave under-expanded rectangular impinging jet CFD.;
Abstract: <正>In this paper, the flow fields of underexpanded impinging jet issued from rectangular nozzles of aspect ratio 1, 3 and 5 are numerically and experimentally studied. Two dimensional temperature and pressure distributions are measured by using infrared camera and the combination of a pressure scanning device and a stepping motor, respectively. The variation of the stagnation pressure on the impinging plate reveals that a hysteretic phenomenon exists during the increasing and decreasing of the pressure ratio for the aspect ratio of 3.0 and 5.0. It is also found that the nozzle of aspect ratio 1.0 caused the largest total pressure loss pc / p0 = 0.27 at the pressure ratio of p0 /pb = 6.5, where pc is the stagnation center pressure on the wall, p0 the upstream stagnation pressure, pb the ambient pressure. The other two nozzles showed that the pressure loss pc /p0 =0.52 and 0.55 were achieved by the nozzles of the aspect ratio 3,0 and 5.0, respectively. The comparison between the calculations and experiments is fairly good, showing the three dimensional streamlines and structures of the shock waves in the jets. However, the hysteresis of the pressure variations observed in the experiments between the pressure ratio of 3.5 and 4.5 cannot be confirmed in the calculations.
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