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Research on Chaos of Deformation in Soft Rock Tunnel
Author(s): 
Pages: 420-423,429
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: Underground Space

Keyword:  软岩巷道 混沌 Lyapunov指数;
Abstract: 试验得出了软质页岩最大屈服应变,对软岩巷道变形进行了监测,用混沌理论研究了软岩巷道变形规律。根据监测数据,分别计算了巷道顶部和侧帮变形的分形维数和最大Lyapunov指数,并用Lyapunov指数法预测了软岩巷道的后期变形。研究结果表明:软岩变形具有混沌特性,混沌理论能较好地反映软岩巷道的变形与破坏特征;用重构相空间方法,能充分揭示软岩巷道变形与能量释放规律,据此可确定二次复喷时间;软岩巷道变形在相空间相邻点的距离以指数形式发展,当岩体变形达到最大屈服应变时便产生破坏,以此便可预测和分析巷道的稳定性。
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