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nian hua : bai xing de shen fu yu zhu fu
Author(s): 
Pages: 46-50
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Vicissitudes

Abstract: 年画是中国独有的民间艺术样式,是在漫长的岁月里,随着社会风俗的演变而衍生形成的。年画的产生有着久远的历史,它的雏形或者早期形态在汉代就已有之。据文献记载,汉时已出现了在门上悬挂桃木、苇索,后来又画鸡于户,画虎于门,再后来又出现了神荼、郁垒、成庆等门神形象,目的皆为驱邪避灾,佑护平安。宗懔的《荆楚岁时记》写的明白:“正月一日,贴画鸡户上,悬苇索其上,插桃符其傍,百鬼畏之。”门神这种样式,驱邪禳灾这般内容便是年画初始的形态和意义。这一形态和用途后来依然延续着,直到今天也不曾衰亡(如桃花坞)。最初的年画由于数量不多,价格不菲,流通不广,理所当然地成为王公贵族、钟鸣鼎食之家的奢侈品,它的推而广之,是伴
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