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hua han shi gu jin lun feng xi bian yi
Author(s): 
Pages: 55-56
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Vicissitudes

Abstract: 寒食节,又名禁烟或冷节,相传为纪念介之推而设。介之推,又作介子推,介子绥,是春秋晋国公子重耳的从臣。他曾随重耳流亡十九年,历尽艰险。过卫国,卫文公没有礼遇,曾乞食于五鹿,介子推割股肉为其充饥。重耳返国后即位为文公,大行封赏,却忘了曾与他患难与共、功劳卓著的这位贤臣。介之推耻于与同僚邀功争禄,偕母隐居绵山。晋文公为促其出山而环山三面举火,介之推与其母相抱而焚死于介休绵山,时值仲春。晋文公为表示对介之推的怀念并铭记自己的过失,环绵上田封之,以为介山;并下令在其忌日不许动烟火,人皆寒食,寒食节即由此而来。《庄子·盗跖》载:“介之推至忠也,自割其股以食文公。文公后背之,之推怒而去,抱木而燔死。”屈原在
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