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Expression and function of the FLT3 gene in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes
Author(s): 
Pages: 91-93,97
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Acta Academiae Medicinae Shandong

Keyword:  GeneFLT3Internal tandem duplicationMyelodysplastic syndromes;
Abstract: 目的研究骨髓异常增生综合征(MDS)患者FLT3基因表达水平及FLT3基因长度突变(FLT3-LM),以探讨其对MDS的临床意义。方法收集38例诊断明确的MDS及10例非恶性血液病患者骨髓并提取单个核细胞,应用基因组DNA聚合酶链反应(PCR)技术检测FLT3基因表达水平和FLT3-LM。结果38例MDS患者骨髓单个核细胞有11例检测到FLT3受体的表达,阳性率为28.9%,10例对照组均无FLT3受体的表达,两者差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。11例FLT3受体表达阳性患者中有2例检测到FLT3-LM,阳性率为18.2%,10例正常对照均无FLT3-LM。两者差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。FLT3/ITD(+)和FLT3/ITD(-)患者在年龄、外周血血红蛋白水平、血小板计数、白细胞计数、外周血原始细胞比例之间无相关性。FLT3/ITD(+)患者倾向于有较高的骨髓原始细胞比例(P=0.102)。结论MDS患者中存在FLT3-LM,FLT3-LM与疾病危重程度相关,可能有助于MDS诊断、预后判断和靶向治疗。
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