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Prognosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage due to small ruptured intracranial aneurysms treated by Guglielmi detachable coils endovascular embolization
Author(s): 
Pages: 94-99,104
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: Acta Academiae Medicinae Shandong

Keyword:  Subarachnoid hemorrhage due to small ruptured intracranial aneurysmsGuglielmi detachable coils endovascular embolization treatmentClinical follow-upAngiographic follow-up;
Abstract: 目的探讨电解可脱性微弹簧圈(GDC)血管内栓塞治疗颅内小动脉瘤性蛛网膜下腔出血的患者预后。方法本组63例均证实为颅内小动脉瘤性蛛网膜下腔出血,均行GDC血管内栓塞治疗,观察GDC血管内栓塞治疗并发症的发生情况,栓塞结束后临床随访结果和影像学随访结果。观察患者性别、年龄、动脉瘤部位、Hunt-Hess分级、F isher分级、症状性脑血管痉挛、手术时间、急性脑积水程度、迟发性脑积水程度、术后颅内压力与临床预后的关系。结果63例患者中,栓塞治疗中1例弹簧圈部分脱出瘤腔,无术中动脉瘤破裂和无动脉栓塞或血栓发生。临床随访恢复良好39例,轻、中度残疾22例,重度残疾或死亡2例,均无栓塞后动脉瘤再次破裂出血;影像学随访42例,1例动脉瘤栓塞术后瘤颈复发,41例动脉瘤均保持手术栓塞结束当时的状态。影响患者临床预后因素依次是:①症状性脑血管痉挛;②发病后的Hunt-Hess分级;③术后颅内压力。结论GDC血管内栓塞治疗小动脉瘤性蛛网膜下腔出血是安全和有效的治疗方法,症状性脑血管痉挛是影响小动脉瘤性蛛网膜下腔出血预后的决定性因素。
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