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jia yuan su yan se fan ying de jian yi fang fa
Author(s): 
Pages: 23
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: Experiment and Equipment for Primary School

Abstract:  焰色反应是指某些金属或它们的化合物在灼烧时使火焰呈现特殊颜色的反应.教材中钾元素的焰色反应实验采用将铂丝蘸取少量硝酸钾或氯化钾等溶液在酒精灯火焰上灼烧的方法.该方法存在以下缺点:①铂丝蘸取的盐量少,灼烧时钾元素的特征焰色持续时间短;②溶液量少,火焰颜色不明显;③该实验操作复杂,实验前后铂丝都要进行清洗.为了克服以上缺点,我们采用了一种新的实验方法.
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