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Confucianism and Taoism in Parallel and Uncontradict——Comments on Yuanming Tao's Mental World
Author(s): 
Pages: 28-32
Year: Issue:  6
Journal: Journal of Tangshan Teachers College

Keyword:  陶渊明立足儒学玄学"别出"和谐心境;
Abstract: 东晋田园诗人陶渊明被称为"隐逸诗人之宗",中国古代文人之中,就求得心灵的平静来说,他的境界是最高的.陶渊明的精神世界主要有两个方面:(一)他一生得力处和用力处都在儒学,有"大济于苍生"的理想,但生逢乱世无奈何归隐田园,皈依自然.(二)他受魏晋玄学的影响很大但是不拘于枯奥的玄理,而更接近怡情自然,应属于魏晋玄学思想中"别出"一派.陶渊明的寄情山水田园,虽是假借道、释之酒杯,浇己胸中之块垒,但是他在出世与入世的冲突中不断调和,最终达到了和谐自由的境界.所以他能够怀着生命的尊重和对于死亡的豁达,"纵浪大化中,不喜亦不惧",畅游在更广阔的天地之中.
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