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Political Factors of High Investment Rate and Low Consumption Rate in China——An Explanation Based on a Comparison between the Political Systems of China and the U. S.
Author(s): 
Pages: 1
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: Economic Survey

Keyword:  就高投资率低消费率政治制度;
Abstract: 和以美国为代表的西方国家相比,中国长期以来呈现高投资率和低消费率.笔者基于中美政治制度比较提出一种解释:在美国制度下,资本和政府受到劳动的约束,必须顾及劳动者的利益,从而实现了劳动者的收入随经济发展而增长,呈现低投资率和高消费率.而在中国,地方政府官员主要由上级任命,长期以来,GDP是地方政府官员最主要的政绩指标.GDP的增长需要资本和劳动等生产要素,资本相对稀缺而劳动则相对富裕.这样地方政府往往更多地重视资本利益而相对忽视劳动利益,在相当程度上导致了高投资率和低消费率的发生.
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