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The characteristics and risk factors for post-transplantation diabetes mellitus
Pages: 547-551
Year: Issue:  7
Journal: Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine

Keyword:  Diabetes mellitusKidney transplantationIncidenceRisk factors ;
Abstract: Objective To investigate the characteristics of post-transplantation diabetes mellitus and analyze its risk factors. Methods Extensive survey was carried out to understand the characteristics of post-transplantation diabetes mellitus in patients who received kidney grafting from February 1984 to December 2006. Results Three hundred forty-four post-transplantatian diabetes mellitus patients from 1872 ones after kidney grafting were found from February 1984 to December 2006. The prevalence of new onset post-transplant diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glucose in kidney allograft recipients were 18. 4% and 12. 7% respectively, being significantly higher than that in general population and other inpatients. The options of immunosuppressants were significantly associated with the prevalence of post-transplantation diabetes mellitus. By multivariate logistic regression analysis, the baseline characteristics of the post transplantation diabetes mellitus patients were significantly associated with increased age(OR: 1. 309, P = 0. 049), elevated level of the triglyceride (OR: 1. 311, P = 0. 005), treatment with taerolimus (FK506) (OR: 1. 522, P = 0. 008), and large dose of intravenous pulsed prednisolane(OR: 1. 239, P = 0. 011), as compared with patients without post-transplantation diabetes mellitus. Besides, the number of patients with at least one acute rejection episode was significantly greater in the post-transplantation diabetic patients. Mycophenolate mofetil (OR: 0. 716, P = 0. 028) and diltiazem (OR: 0. 737, P =0. 015) were associated with lower risk of post-transplantation diabetes mellitus. Conclusions High prevalence of abnormal glucose metabolism in renal allograft recipients during hospitalization was observed. Many risk factors contributed to the development of post transplantation diabetes mellitus.
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