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Study on the overall anatomical features and clinical value of lumbar nerve root, plexus and branches in CT reconstruction
Pages: 853-856
Year: Issue:  11
Journal: Chinese Journal of Surgery

Keyword:  Spinal nerve rootsLumbar plexusTomography X-ray computedImage processing compute-assisted;
Abstract: Objective To identify the overall anatomical characteristics and the clinical value of the lumbar nerves under CT multiplanar reconstruction. Methods Fifty normal subjects and 30 patients with LN diseases (51 sides) were selected, including 10 patients with lumber intervertebral disk hernia, eight patients with spinal stenosis, 5 patients with spondylolisthesis, 1 patient with tethered cord syndrome, lpatient with lumbar scoliosis, and 5 patients with spinal trauma. The 16-slice helical CT ( Light Speed, GE Company) was used for scanning the lumbar vertebra with multiplanar reconstruction in Workstation (ADW4.1) with UNIX System in DICOM format. The image was set on the same slice for the overall anatomy and manifestations of the lesions. Results The same-slice imaging showed the strip-like LN slightly lower than the surrounding muscle in density. Each LN went out of the dural sac at an acute angle. The course of the lumbar plexus and its major branches, including the obturator nerve, femoral nerve and reproductive nerve, and their relations to the adjacent structures were clearly revealed. The percentage of the segments displayed was well associated with the reconstruction angle, with the order being oblique coronal> outward-rotated oblique coronal > oblique sagittal > coronal > sagittal section. The major manifestations of abnormal LN included compression and displacement (50 sides, 98.0% ), morphological changes (49 sides, 96.1% ), adhesion (41 sides, 80.4% ). Conclusions The CT multiplanar reconstruction is ideal for the imaging of the overall size, shape, running and tension of the LN root; it is valuable in clinical diagnosis.
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