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The geochemical characteristics of the Upper Jurassic to Cretaceous sedimentary rocks in north margin of the mid-Yangtze and tectonic setting discrimination
Author(s): 
Pages: 231-241
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: Geochimica

Keyword:  泥质岩微量元素稀土元素构造背景中扬子;
Abstract: 沉积岩中的微量元素和稀土元素特征对沉积环境、沉积物的物源和构造背景具有十分重要的示踪与指示作用.对采自中扬子北缘晚侏罗世-白垩纪地层的泥质岩样品中微量元素和稀土元素进行了测试与分析,结果表明,研究区微量元素中的深源元素普遍低于地壳粘土岩中的平均值,说明沉积物的来源为陆源物质,而典型陆源元素Zr、Hf的平均含量远高于地壳粘土岩中的平均含量,反映了大量的陆源物质的快速堆积.上侏罗统与下白垩孚统泥质岩的微量元素特征相似,而上白垩统则发生了明显的变化,表现为深源性微量元素含量较上白垩统明显降低,而陆源性微量元素含量显著增加,反映早晚白垩世之间沉积背景发生了变化.纵向上,稀土元素的变化规律显示,上白垩统与下白垩统的稀土元素特征具明显的差异,表现为Eu的负异常明显减小,Ce的负异常增大,轻稀土富集程度降低,反映了沉积作用分异度较低的特点.La-Th-Sc、Th-Co-Zr/10和Th-Sc-Zr/10构造环境判别图及La/Th-Hf和Th/Sc-Sc比值图表明,中扬子北缘晚侏罗世-白垩纪沉积岩物源区的构造背景以大陆岛弧型为主,可能也存在类似被动大陆边缘构造背景.
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