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xiao er you men xia zhai 22 li lin chuang fen xi
Author(s): 
Pages: 1971-1973
Year: Issue:  11
Journal: THE JOURNAL OF PRACTICAL MEDICINE

Keyword:  幽门狭窄胃溃疡儿童;
Abstract: 目的:探讨小儿[胃窦或幽门口(幽门管)溃疡形成幽门狭窄的病因、临床特点、诊断及治疗.方法:回顾性分析22例胃窦或幽门口(幽门管)溃疡形成幽门狭窄患儿的临床表现、钡餐检查、内镜检查、病理检查的特点及其治疗和预后.结果:以反复呕吐为首发表现的患儿有20例,占91%,可伴食欲减退、腹痛、腹胀、排黑便、面色苍黄、消瘦、腹部包块等,合并不同程度的贫血、体内代谢性紊乱(代谢性碱中毒、低钠、低氯、低钾),钡餐和胃镜检查可见幽门前区溃疡伴不完全性梗阻.结论:小儿胃窦或幽门口(幽门管)溃疡形成幽门狭窄的首发表现为呕吐.钡餐和胃镜检查是确诊幽门前区溃疡伴不完全性梗阻(形成幽门狭窄)的主要手段.治疗方面以制酸(洛赛克)、麦滋林保护黏膜及对症处理(止血、纠正水电解质紊乱、纠正贫血、静脉加强营养支持治疗)为主,对于狭窄较严重者可予三级球囊幽门扩张术治疗.
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