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Interpersonal relation traits of pupils' personality and its relationship with childhood abuse
Author(s): 
Pages: 464-467
Year: Issue:  7
Journal: ACTA ACADEMIAE MEDICINAE XUZHOU

Keyword:  小学生人格人际关系儿童虐待中国青少年人格量表;
Abstract: 目的 研究小学高年级学生人格的人际关系维度及其与受虐待经历的关系.方法 采用儿童期虐待史自评量表(PRCA)和中国青少年人格量表(QZPS-Q),对172名小学五、六年级学生进行测评,分别评估他们的人际关系特质和受虐待情况.结果 女生的温和、谨慎和人际关系总分高于男生[温和(24.2±4.5)分vs(22.5±4.6)分,P<0.05;谨慎(21.3±3.7)分vs(18.1±4.4)分,P<0.01;人际关系(59.2±7.6)分vs(53.9±8.4)分,P<0.01],受虐待者的谨慎因子分数低于未受虐待者[(18.3±4.6)分vs(20.6±4.0)分,P<0.01].躯体虐待、忽视、情感虐待和虐待总分分别与谨慎、人际关系总分呈负相关(r=0.229~-0.393,P<0.01).虐待对人际关系特质具有负向预测作用(Beta值=-0.237~-0.307,t=-3.314~-4.491,P<0.01),女生对人际关系特质具有正向预测作用(Beta值=0.179~0.323,t=2.373~4.722,P<0.05).结论 小学生人格的人际关系特质存在性别差异,人格特质的形成受受虐待经历的影响.
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