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Study on dynamics in enhancing liquefaction of cassava starch by mechanical activation
Author(s): 
Pages: 25-28,31
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: FOOD AND MACHINERY

Keyword:  机械活化液化木薯淀粉动力学;
Abstract: 目的:对机械活化木薯淀粉进行液化动力学研究,探讨机械活化对淀粉降解的影响规律;方法:采用搅拌球磨机对木薯淀粉进行机械活化,以不同活化时间的木薯淀粉为原料,以α-淀粉酶为液化试剂,分别考察底物浓度、酶用量、反应温度、反应体系pH值、机械活化时间等动力学因素对液化反应速率的影响;结果:α-淀粉酶对机械活化淀粉的液化遵循Michaelis-Menten方程,原淀粉、活化30,60 min淀粉的米氏常数Km分别为1.928 2,2.550 5,5.756 1 mg/mL,最大反应初速度Vmax分别为0.096 6,0.335 6,0.747 5 mg/mL·min;结论:机械活化对木薯淀粉液化过程有显著的强化作用,主要原因是机械活化使木薯淀粉紧密的颗粒表面和结晶结构受到破坏,降低了结晶度,液化试剂更容易渗透到颗粒内部使淀粉液化.
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