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Plane wave shot PSDM and controlled illumination techniques
Author(s): 
Pages: 255-262
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: APPLIED GEOPHYSICS

Keyword:  prestack depth migrationwavefield continuationplane wave shot imagingcontrolled illumination.;
Abstract: The Pre-Stack Depth Migration (PSDM) method based on wavefield continuation is the most reliable method for imaging complex structure in the subsurface, although there are large computational costs and poorly adaptive geometry. Plane wave shot migration is another method to perform exact wave equation prestack imaging with high computational efficiency and without the migration aperture problem. Moreover, wavefield energy can be compensated at the target zone by controlled illumination. In this paper, plane wave shot PSDM was implemented by the control of the plane down-going wavefield and selection of number and range of the raypaths in order to optimize the imaging effect. In addition,controlled illumination techniques are applied to enhance the imaging precision of interesting areas at different depths. Numerical calculation indicates that plane wave shot imaging is a rapid and efficient method with less computational cost and easy parallel computation compared to the single-square-root operator imaging for common shot gathers and doublesquare-root operator imaging for common midpoint gathers.
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