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The difference in some clinical and pathological characteristics between chronic sinusitis patients with and without nasal polyps
Author(s): 
Pages: 1064-1067
Year: Issue:  23
Journal: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY HEAD AND NECK SURGERY

Keyword:  鼻窦炎鼻息肉体层摄影术X线计算机内镜术嗜酸粒细胞;
Abstract: 目的:探讨伴鼻息肉的慢性鼻-鼻窦炎(CRSwNP)和不伴鼻息肉的慢性鼻-鼻窦炎(CRSsNP)患者某些主观症状、客观检查和病理学特征的差异以及临床表现同病理学特征的关系.方法:对42例CRSsNP患者和33例CRSwNP患者的主观症状采用视觉类比法(VAS)进行评分;对鼻窦CT和鼻内镜检查这2项客观检查的结果分别采用Lund-Mackay法和Lanza-Kennedy法进行评分;对外周血嗜酸粒细胞(EOS)采用自动化检测仪计数,黏膜EOS于×400显微镜下计数;对黏膜中IL-5的表达量采用酶联免疫吸附试验定量检测;对比CRSsNP和CRSwNP患者的差异,并进一步分析客观检查结果同病理学特点的相关性.结果:①CRSsNP和CRSwNP患者的总体症状和5个主要症状评分总和均差异无统计学意义(均P>0.05);但相比CRSwNP患者,CRSsNP患者鼻分泌物症状VAS评分显著增高(P<0.05),嗅觉障碍症状VAS评分则显著降低(P<0.01);②相比CRSsNP患者,CRSwNP患者的CT、鼻内镜检查评分,外周血及黏膜EOS计数和IL-5表达量均显著增高(均P<0.05);③CT和鼻内镜检查评分同外周血、黏膜EOS计数以及IL-5表达量正相关(P<0.01).结论:CRSsNP和CRSwNP患者在总体症状的严重程度方面差别不大,但CRSwNP患者表现出更为严重和广泛的黏膜病变,这同黏膜局部更为显著的EOS浸润有关.
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