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A STUDY ON SLOPING LAND MANAGEMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN GUIZHOU PROVINCE
Author(s): 
Pages: 494-501
Year: Issue:  z1
Journal: GUIZHOU SCIENCE

Keyword:  旱坡地水土流失植物篱技术可持续农业管理;
Abstract: 8年来,以裸地为对照,采用小区径流场法对旱坡地可持续管理技术的主要措施,即截流沟措施、横坡种植措施和植物篱种植措施进行探讨.结果表明:在无植被覆盖的裸露耕地上,水土流失十分严重,地表径流达到4044.3 m3、/hm2.a、土壤侵蚀量高达172.4t/hm2.a,以此速率流失土壤,其耕层(15 cm)约在12 a后.将被冲刷殆尽.截流沟措施与横坡种植措施相比,可减少地表径流710 m3/hm2.a和土壤侵蚀量19t/hm2.a;但其占地面积大,农作物产量减少58.1%.植物篱种植措施与横坡种植相比可减少地表径流345.2 m3/hm2.a;土壤侵蚀量21 t/hm2.a.虽然植物篱占具耕地面积,但并不影响农作物产量,且棚篱作物叶片可作饲料绿肥等用途.植物篱种植下的耕层土壤的酸碱度和质地得到改善;土壤侵蚀速率远低于易风化土壤的成土速率;同时结合人工翻耕,每年平均以17.5 cm的速度形成梯坎,以1.1°的速度减缓坡度.该项技术最终可实现坡改梯的目的,实现旱坡地的可持续利用1.
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