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hu xi ji xiang guan fei yan de zhen zhi jin zhan
Author(s): 
Pages: 538-542
Year: Issue:  9
Journal: WORLD CLINICAL DRUGS

Keyword:  呼吸机相关肺炎经验性抗菌治疗降阶梯治疗短程治疗;
Abstract: 呼吸机相关肺炎(VAP)是一类严重的院内感染,几乎占重症监护病房感染的1/3,病死率极高.其病原菌主要为细菌,其中约1/3为混合性感染.检测到病原微生物是诊断VAP的"金标准".在未获得病原学和药敏试验资料前,合理的经验性抗菌治疗尤为重要.本文主要阐述目前VAP的诊疗进展,尤其是抗菌药物治疗方面,如经验性抗菌治疗、降阶梯治疗、短程治疗及单药治疗.
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