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Analysis of Final Stage Superheater Failure of 600 MW Supercritical Pressure Boiler
Author(s): 
Pages: 77-79
Year: Issue:  8
Journal: ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT

Keyword:  超临界锅炉末级过热器失效分析措施;
Abstract: 某电厂3号超临界锅炉投产后运行不到500 h便发生4次末级过热器爆漏事故,其部位多发生在外数第2、3、4、20内圈管,特征为管屏下部内弯头横向裂纹.过热器爆漏的主要原因为末级过热器SA-213TP347在弯管后未经固溶处理,致使末级过热器内弯处管材存在晶间腐蚀和硬度超标;同时末级过热器由于其管系设计布置不合理,运行中与烟气紊流发生共振,致使末级过热器内弯头在极短的时间内快速疲劳失效.通过采用增加末级过热器固定管夹,改变其固有频率,将末级过热器下部弯头更换为经固溶处理的弯管等措施后,锅炉再未发生类似的失效损坏.
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