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A pilot study on effect of methylphenidate on balance function of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Author(s): 
Pages: 304-309
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: JOURNAL OF PEKING UNIVERSITY(HEALTH SCIENCES)

Keyword:  注意力缺陷障碍伴多动哌醋甲酯肌肉骨骼平衡;
Abstract: 目的:探讨哌甲酯能否改善注意缺陷多动障碍(ADHD)的平衡功能,以及平衡功能变化和临床症状变化之间的关系.方法:评价哌甲酯缓释剂治疗前后23例(男19例,女4例)ADHD患儿的平衡功能,并与年龄相匹配的38例正常男孩的平衡功能相比较.平衡功能的评价使用平衡功能测试仪(SMART EquiTest)中的感觉整合测试(sensory organization test,SOT).使用ADHD评定量表-Ⅳ(父母版)和父母填写的IOWA Conners量表评定症状.结果:治疗后ADHD平均平衡分(75.70±10.30),状态5、6的平衡分(61.84±14.19和65.88±15.41),状态4、5的策略分(89.20±3.17和83.22±6.56),前庭感觉比(67.64±14.43)均高于治疗前(68.70±11.96,49.81±16.26,57.61±16.72,86.84±4.49,78.55±6.55和54.46±17.27,均P<0.05).治疗前ADHD组男孩平均平衡分(67.95±12.17)和6种状态下的平衡分(分别为90.72±2.49,85.47±6.11,83.42±9.95,70.18±18.03,47.89±16.93和57.00±15.68),状态1的策略分(98.02±1.52),视觉和前庭感觉比(77.20±19.23和52.62±18.15)都低于正常对照组(分别为77.71±6.20,93.14±2.45,89.59±4.22,89.13±5.06,83.11±5.75,60.11±10.11,69.75±12.03,98.68±0.39,89.22±5.43和64.41±10.03,均P<0.05);治疗后ADHD患儿仅有状态1的平衡分(90.82±2.98)和策略分(97.91±1.16)与正常对照组(93.14±2.45和98.68±0.39)相比差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).治疗前后SOT各项结果的变化幅度和ADHD评定量表总分、注意缺陷分、多动冲动分、IOWA Conners量表I/O和O/D分的减分率之间的相关性差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:哌甲酯对平衡系统有直接的作用,能够在一定程度上提高ADHD患儿的平衡功能.
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