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British Middle Class and the Urban Development in 19th Century
Author(s): 
Pages: 113-118
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: JOURNAL OF YANGZHOU UNIVERSITY(HUMANITIES & SOCIAL SCIENCES)

Keyword:  19世纪英国城市中产阶级郊区;
Abstract: 19世纪英国城市的迅速发展,促进了城市社会中新型中间阶层的不断发展壮大,预示了英国社会由两极型社会向着橄榄型社会演变的趋向.而中产阶级的茁壮成长,反过来又对城市的发展产生了巨大的影响.它促使城市功能形态发生变化,出现工业区、商业区、居住区的功能分区.从交通方式到居民居住模式都发生了变化,中产阶层及社会精英迁居城郊或郊区的独立、半独立式住宅,使城市发展出现了郊区化趋势.此外,中产阶级的壮大,还促进了城镇管理走向民主,从城镇寡头统治向选举产生的市政机关演变.
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