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Predicting the distribution of thin bed reservoirs by broad frequency band seismic
Author(s): 
Pages: 118-126
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: APPLIED GEOPHYSICS

Keyword:  thin reservoirseismic predictionAVF characteristicsSongliao Basin;
Abstract: Recognition of thin interbedded reservoirs in the middle-shallow strata in the Songliao Basin is a great difficulty. In order to resolve this problem, we present a technique for predicting the distribution of thin reservoirs using a broad frequency band and ultra high resolution seismic. Based on forward modeling, we recognized that a thin bed seismic reflection is characterized by changing amplitude with changing frequency (amplitude versus frequency, AVF). We calculate the thickness of thin reservoirs from their AVF characteristics and predict the distribution of thin bed reservoir using broad frequency band and ultra high resolution seismic. The technique has been applied in the 3D seismic area of Zhaoyuan in the northern part of the Songliao Basin. The seismic resolution is increased by two or three times over that of conventional seismic and many thin reservoirs have been identified. The technique has extensive application to the exploration and development of oil and gas, such as optimizing the location of exploration wells, the design of wells (especially horizontal wells), choice of production test layers, analyzing reservoir continuity in development wells, and so on.
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