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The effect of a brief intervention for problem drinkers in a Beijing general hospital: A randomized controlled trial
Author(s): 
Pages: 585-588
Year: Issue:  7
Journal: CHINESE JOURNAL OF NURSING

Keyword:  问题饮酒危险及有害饮酒早期干预;
Abstract: 目的本研究尝试由护士对住院患者开展简短的饮酒问题早期干预,观察干预对于患者饮酒状况改善的情况.方法对北京某三级甲等医院的1019例住院内外科患者使用酒精依赖性疾患识别测验(AUDIT)进行饮酒状况的筛查,筛查出问题饮酒者,即危险饮酒者和有害饮酒者后,随机将其分为实验组(即早期干预组)和对照组,实验组患者接受护士有关饮酒问题的20min简短干预,1年后使用AUDIT随访实验组和对照组患者.结果实验组和对照组干预前后饮酒状况都有明显的改善(P<0.01),但实验组AUDIT总分下降的幅度显著高于对照组(P<0.05).结论综合医院住院患者中有相当比例的患者属于危险饮酒或有害饮酒.护士开展的简短干预对于患者改善饮酒状况有一定的效果.但是如何修订更符合文化背景的干预内容,寻找改善饮酒问题的有效成分还需要进一步的研究.
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