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Plant species diversity of wetland-dry grassland ecosystem: Taking Yanchi County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region as an example
Author(s): 
Pages: 12-17
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: JOURNAL OF BEIJING FORESTRY UNIVERSITY

Keyword:  湿地-干草原生态系统物种多样性交错带;
Abstract: 为研究湿地-干草原植物多样性沿生境梯度变化规律及其影响因子,该文采用样线法从东、东北、西、西北4个方向沿着湿地-干草原生境梯度进行样方布设,4条样线共计布设样方123个.在物种多样性软件(BioDiversity Pro)及统计软件(Microcal Origin)的支持下,对外业调查资料进行处理,并进行物种多样性指数的计量,对宁夏盐池湿地-干草原生态系统物种多样性进行分析比较,结果表明:同一条样线的不同植被带(按照生境特征及植被类型分为湿生带、交错带和干旱草原带,简称"三带")间物种多样性差异很大,无论是反映物种数量和种类的丰富度指数R,还是综合反映物种多样性的综合多样性指数y,交错带都表现出了明显的优势,这正是交错带的边缘效应的体现.均匀度指数旱生带大于交错带,这与盐池草原生态系统植被恢复和荒漠化逆转、优势群落逐渐形成的实际状况相吻合.4条样线物种多样性计量结果表明:东样线和东北样线由于受人为干扰比较小,同时所处地形抬升比较小,使交错带拦截的物质、能量相对较多,所以东样线和东北样线各种多样性指标都高于其他两条样线,尤其东北样线的Simpson综合多样性指数D比最小的西北样线高39.92%.
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