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Hydrological effects of litter in the bamboo forests of Changning County, Sichuan Province
Author(s): 
Pages: 35-41
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: JOURNAL OF BEIJING FORESTRY UNIVERSITY

Keyword:  竹林凋落物水文效应;
Abstract: 采用野外实地调查和室内实验相结合的方法,研究了长宁县不同类型竹林的凋落物及其蓄水能力.研究结果表明:①凋落物的现存量平均为(6.99±3.20)t/hm2,其中未分解层为(2.71±1.63)t/hm2,占总量的39%,分解层平均值为(4.28±2.60)t/hm2,占总量的61%;②分解层和未分解层的自然持水量存在明显差别,而最大持水量和持水率没有明显区别;③凋落物的最大持水率为181%,最大持水量为(14.08±6.56)t/hm2,和其他森林相比,明显偏低;④人工栽植竹林凋落物的现存量和分解程度低于次生林;⑤结合前人研究成果,凋落物的现存量和最大持水量间存在极显著相关(r=0.94,n=186,p<0.000 1),符合幂函数方程.综上所述,竹林凋落物的现存量和蓄水能力均较低,人工经营竹林时清除枝叶可能会影响竹林的生态效益.
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