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yuan fa xing nao gan shang de zao qi hu li gan yu
Author(s): 
Pages: 113-114
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: WORLD HEALTH DIGEST

Keyword:  脑干伤早期护理;
Abstract: 原发性脑干伤是指外伤当时直接造成的脑干损害.通常病情危急,伤后大多引起意识、呼吸、循环等系统的功能障碍,救治困难,死亡率高.近年来,随着先进医疗器械的运用及医疗护理技术的发展,脑干伤的抢救成功率有了明显的提高.笔者总结成功抢救29例原发性脑干伤的护理经验.认为:伤后早期采取有效的护理措施,控制并发症,避免脑干受到继发性损害,是降低死亡率,提高生存质量的基本保证.病人入院后,安置在重症监护病房,力口强病情观察,发现异常及时处理; 对中枢性高热、呼吸功能衰竭、应激性溃疡等症状实施对症护理;加强基础护理,将病人安置合适的体位,做好饮食护理和口腔护理;积极预防褥疮、泌尿系感染、肺部感染、暴露性角膜炎、关节挛缩、肌萎缩等并发症.保证原发性脑干伤病人尽早康复.
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