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Protective effect of sevoflurane preconditioning on oxygen-glucose deprivation injury in rat hippocampal slices: the role of mitochondrial KATP channels
Author(s): 
Pages: 201-206
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: ACTA PHYSIOLOGICA SINICA

Keyword:  七氟醚脑损伤顺向群峰电位线粒体内膜ATP敏感钾通道;
Abstract: 利用离体海马脑片缺氧无糖(oxygen-glucose deprivation,OGD)损伤模型,探讨七氟醚预处理对神经细胞的保护作用及该作用与线粒体内膜ATP敏感钾通道(mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channels,mitoKATPchannels)的关系,随机将脑片用2%、4%、6%七氟醚,以及6%七氟醚复合mitoKATP通道阻滞剂5-羟基奎酸盐(5-hydroxydecanoic acid,5-HD)预处理30 min,观察OGD损伤14 min复氧1 h期间顺向群峰电位(orthodromic population spike,OPS)的变化,并应用透射电镜观察细胞超微结构的改变.结果表明,与单纯OGD组相比,七氟醚预处理可使海马脑片OPS消失时间明显延长(P<0.01),使OPS明显恢复,其中4%、6%七氟醚组的恢复率均为71.4%(P<0.05 vs OGD),相应恢复程度为(61.0±42.3)%和(78.7±21.1)%(P<0.01),而且6%七氟醚的保护作用可被5-HD取消.OGD组的海马CA1区锥体细胞明显水肿,核膜皱缩、破裂,染色质聚集,线粒体肿胀畸形,嵴断裂或消失,而4%和6%七氟醚组仅见海马CA1区锥体细胞轻度水肿,核膜皱缩不明显,染色质均匀,线粒体轻度肿胀.结果提示,七氟醚预处理对大鼠海马脑片OGD损伤有一定的保护作用,且七氟醚对神经细胞的保护作用与激活mitoKATP通道有关.
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