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A Review and its inspiration on several occurrence of out -of- balance in grain supply and demand since beginning of the reform and opening
Author(s): 
Pages: 8-15
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: CHINA RURAL SURVEY

Keyword:  粮食供求失衡先导性敏感性;
Abstract: 本文通过对改革开放以来历次重大粮食供求失衡状况的回顾,得出若干重要启示.即20世纪90年代以来,结构问题已经超越总量问题,成为影响我国粮食供求平衡的主要问题;稻谷、粮食主销区和口粮分别是导致我国粮食供求失衡的先导性和敏感性品种、敏感性地区、敏感性用途;品质结构对于粮食供求平衡的影响不断加深,历次粮食供求失衡都与宏观经济环境和经济周期波动有密切关系;农业政策的调整对于粮食供求失衡现象的形成和发展,发挥着重要影响;促进粮食及其主要品种供求平衡的政策调整,不仅要重视粮食市场供给与需求在数量和结构方面的协调、粮食综合生产能力与消费需求能力的协调,更要重视粮食综合供给能力与消费需求能力的协调.
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