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EFFECTS OF FOREST REGENERATION FROM PRIMARY BROAD-LEAVED VEGETATION TO CHINESE FIR TREE ON SOIL QUALITY PROPERTY AND THEIR ECOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCES IN THE SUB-TROPIC REGION, CHINA
Author(s): 
Pages: 7-11,6
Year: Issue:  z1
Journal: GUIZHOU SCIENCE

Keyword:  亚热带常绿阔叶林杉木人工林土壤质量性状;
Abstract: 森林的人为更新从根本上改变了亚热带森林生态系统养分循环的模式和平衡的状态,从而影响土壤的质量性状.实地对比研究表明,在现行林业生产的技术水平下天然常绿阔叶林在人为更新为后,其表层350kg/m2土壤的物理性状、有机质、N素和CEC等质量性状产生极显著退化,杉木人工林下这些土壤质量性状的取值在天然常绿阔叶林的自然变化范围之外.毫无疑问这种退化一方面会影响森林生态系统的可持续性,另一方面增加了土壤C库的消耗和温室气体的释放;研究还表明,土壤全P、全K、碱解N、速效P、BS等土壤质量性状未园林木的更新而出现具有统计意义的变化,但是,土壤养分的异地迁移和富集作用对于异地环境的影响是一个不可以漠视的现实问题.
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